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Michael Kugelman

Michael Kugelman is the South Asia Institute director at the Woodrow Wilson Center, where he is responsible for research, programming, and publications on the region. His main specialty is Pakistan, India, and Afghanistan, and U.S. relations with each of them. Kugelman writes monthly columns for Foreign Policy’s South Asia channel and monthly commentaries for War on the Rocks. He also contributes regular pieces to The Wall Street Journal’s Think Tank blog. He has published op-eds and commentaries in The New York Times, Los Angeles Times, Politico,, Bloomberg View, The Diplomat, Al Jazeera, and The National Interest, among others. He has been interviewed by numerous major media outlets, including The New York Times, The Washington Post, Financial Times, The Guardian, The Christian Science Monitor, National Geographic, BBC, CNN, NPR, and Voice of America.

He has also produced a number of longer publications on South Asia, including the edited volumes “Pakistan’s Interminable Energy Crisis: Is There Any Way Out?” (Wilson Center, 2015), “Pakistan’s Runaway Urbanization: What Can Be Done?” (Wilson Center, 2014), and “India’s Contemporary Security Challenges” (Wilson Center, 2013). He has published policy briefs, journal articles, and book chapters on issues ranging from Pakistani youth and social media to India’s energy security strategy and transboundary water management in South Asia.

Kugelman received his M.A. in law and diplomacy from the Fletcher School at Tufts University. He received his B.A. from American University’s School of International Service. Follow him on the X platform @michaelkugelman.